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【美国国家地理】怎样拍出城市的灵魂照片  

2010-07-09 20:41:50|  分类: 国家地理 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
【国家地理】 - 心问 - 怎样拍出城市的灵魂照片

 


  

        城市拍摄即使对于富有经验的摄影师也是一个有难度的挑战。在这个图释文章,你将得到一些有关如何捕获的城市空间灵魂的秘诀。

 

 


Photo: View of Florence, Italy from the top of a church

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Florence, Italy

佛罗伦萨,意大利

Mike Pistone 拍摄,Your Shot(国家地理栏目,下同)

Here, a wide-angle lens offers a sprawling view of Florence from the top of the city's famous Duomo, the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore.
(This photo was submitted to Your Shot.)
在这个照片里,广角镜头提供了在圣母百花大教堂顶部俯瞰城市佛罗伦萨开阔视野。
Photo Tip: Because the angle of view of the wide-angle lens is much greater than that of the telephoto or standard lens, it’s obviously the lens to use where there’s limited space or the subject is large.

拍照提示:由于在广角镜头的视角比标准的长焦镜头更大,这种镜头显然很适合用于空间有限或主体较大的摄影。

Photo: Man preparing noodles on a Bangkok street

Noodles, Thailand

面条,泰国

Dean McCartney 拍摄, My Shot

A strainer full of noodles, fresh off an open fire, commands the total concentration of a cook in Bangkok's Chinatown. The skill of such street chefs, and the aroma of their creations, proves irresistible to many passersby.
Photo Tip: Dining is a big part of the travel experience. Cuisine and dining traditions are emblematic of local culture. They’re one of the most tangible ways that one destination is distinguishable from another.

一个装满面条的捞面勺,旺盛的明火,曼谷的唐人街厨师有条不紊的专注。这种街头厨师技能,以及他们创造的四里飘香,是许多路人不可抗拒的理由。

拍照提示:餐饮是旅游体验的重要组成部分。烹饪及饮食文化传统,也是当地的象征。这是一个地方区别于另一个地方的最实际的方法之一。

Photo: Fog around Golden Gate Bridge and city skyline

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Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco

金门大桥,旧金山

James Sugar 拍摄, 国家地理

Like the outline of a mountain peak, a tower of the Golden Gate Bridge is visible above the summer fog in San Francisco Bay. Following the rush for gold in the late 19th century, the bay’s harbor attracted sailing ships from around the globe, and a great American city was born.
Photo Tip: The sunny f/16 rule: If you are attempting to make a landscape photograph without a tripod, inverse the ISO in selecting your shutter speed. For instance, with a 200 ISO you would select 1/200 of a second at f/16.

像一座山峰的构架,金门大桥的桥塔,在旧金山湾的夏季白雾隐约可见。随着19世纪后期的“淘金热”,海湾港口吸引着来自世界各地的帆船,一个伟大的美国城市就此诞生了。

拍照提示:晴天f/16法则:如果你正打算不使用三脚架拍风景照,你要选择好ISO设定你的快门速度。例如,ISO 200,你就要选择使用f/16光圈,曝光1/200秒。

Photo: Boat sailing along coast of Hong Kong at night

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Hong Kong Cityscape, China

香港的市容,中国

Ghani Khan拍摄, My Shot(国家地理栏目,下同)

A flash of red plies the nighttime waters of the South China Sea as shining skyscrapers mark the prosperity of Hong Kong. With seven million people living in its 426-square-mile (1,103-square-kilometer) region, the Asian megaport is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
Photo Tip: Local architecture is an important part of any destination, but building shots tend to be dull. A dependable remedy is to compose with a compelling foreground element.

南中国海夜间的水面流光溢彩,映衬着华丽闪亮的摩天大楼,显然着香港的繁荣。拥有426平方英里(1,103平方公里),生活着700万人口,亚洲特大型港口城市,是世界上人口最稠密的地区之一。

拍照提示:当地建筑是任何一个城市的重要组成部分,但建筑的拍照往往是沉闷的。一个可靠的补救办法是加入一些有特色引入注意的前景元素。

Photo: Three men playing the fiddle

Fiddlers, Ireland

菲德勒斯,爱尔兰
Jim Richardson拍摄, 国家地理
Ireland’s music has a storied history that runs the gamut from traditional Celtic sounds to U2’s anthemic rock. Here, Irish musicians play their fiddles at a tavern while enjoying a pint.
Photo Tip: Work your way into a situation. If you see something interesting, don’t be satisfied with just a wide shot. Don’t be shy—people are usually happy to show you what they do well.

爱尔兰音乐有传奇般的历史,从传统的凯尔特声乐到U2的颂歌摇滚。在这里,爱尔兰音乐家在小酒馆里一边享受着一品脱酒,一边拉着小提琴。

拍照提示:积极的投身于环境中。如果你看到一些有趣的景象,不要只满意一个广角镜头。不要害羞,人们通常会乐意演示他们最好的一米。

Photo: Muslims praying in a temple

Istiqlal Mosque, Indonesia

独立清真寺,印度尼西亚

Tony Hartawan拍摄, My Shot

Jakarta’s Istiqlal Mosque, one of the largest in the world, can hold more than 70,000 worshippers at a time. Arab traders brought Islam to the region a thousand years ago. Today Indonesia is the world's most populous Muslim country.
Photo Tip: If you use a tripod and a very slow shutter speed to shoot a moving subject, you can get a dramatic contrast between sharp and blurred detail.

雅加达独立清真寺,是世界上最大的一个,一次可容纳超过70,000信徒。阿拉伯商人在1000年以前给这个地区带来了伊斯兰教。今天,印尼是世界上人口最多的穆斯林国家。

拍照提示:如果你使用一个三脚架,并且快门速度设置得很低(即长曝光),这时拍摄一些缓慢移动物体,你会在清晰和模糊之间得到一个巨大的反差。

Photo: Crowded stalls at a night market

Miaokou Night Market, Taiwan

庙口夜市,中国台湾

Neil Wade拍摄, My Shot

Chilung's Miaokou Night Market has an old temple at its center, but the main focus here is feasting. The market’s yellow lanterns illuminate a mouthwatering array of traditional Taiwanese snack foods, including savory noodle soups, oyster omelets, snails, sticky rice, and tripe. Taiwanese and tourists alike say no visit is complete without a fruity “bubble ice” dessert—black plum is a local favorite.
Photo Tip: Find leading lines and use them to lead the eye into your picture. Leading lines are most effective as diagonals.

基隆的庙口夜市以一个旧庙为中心,但主要重点是这里可以大餐一顿。市场的黄色灯笼照亮了令人垂涎的传统的台湾小吃,包括美味的汤面,蚵仔煎,蜗牛,糯米,和牛肚。台湾人和游客都说不吃“泡沫冰”水果甜点——黑李是当地人最爱,没算走完一趟。

拍照提示:寻找引导线,利用它来引导的眼睛在图片的视觉。引导线,最有效的是对角线。

Photo: Soldiers lined up at the Kremlin gates

Kremlin Gates, Moscow, Russia

盖茨克里姆林宫,俄罗斯,莫斯科

Georgy Zvonkov拍摄, My Shot

The shot was taken in February at one of the Kremlin gates.
Photo Tip: Show subjects your pictures to raise enthusiasm. The digital display screen has largely replaced the Polaroid print for this purpose

这个镜头拍摄于2月份的克里姆林宫的一个门前。

拍照提示:展示的图片主题,以提高积极性。出于这个目的,数字显示屏已经在很大程度上取代了宝丽来即使打印。

Photo: Bicyclist in front of bright yellow pub building

Dingle Peninsula Pub, Ireland

丁格尔半岛酒吧,爱尔兰

Medford Taylor 拍摄, 国家地理

The number of visitors to Dingle skyrocketed after the scenic harbor town served as the setting for the Academy Award-winning Ryan’s Daughter, a 1970 film starring Robert Mitchum. Today, the town officially goes by the Gaelic name of An Daingean (“the fortress”) and relies heavily on the annual summer influx of tourists.
Photo Tip: Your compositions should be strong and uncluttered but also strive to have a depth of content in a single image.

自从这个风景秀丽的港口城市作为1970年罗伯特.米彻姆主演并获奖奥斯卡的影片《瑞安的女儿》的拍摄背景,丁格尔游客人数的猛增。如今,这个镇正式使用了盖尔语名称Daingean(“堡垒,要塞”),而且这个镇很大程度上依赖于每年夏季的大量涌入的游客。

拍照提示:你的作品应该是强大而整齐的,但也要在单一的图片展的努力显示内容的深度。


Photo: Taj Mahal reflected in river water


Taj Mahal, India

泰姬陵,印度


Steve McCurry 拍摄, 国家爱地理

Reflecting the passions of Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan, the Taj Mahal in Agra was built in the mid-1600s as a tomb for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Later he was buried beside her. Covering most of India—and known under Shah Jahan's grandfather Akbar for religious tolerance—the Mogul Empire collapsed in the early 1700s.
Photo Tip: Unusual perspectives and composition can make familiar subjects more fun.

反映莫卧儿皇帝沙贾汗对其妻子穆姆塔兹·玛哈尔的留恋之情,阿格拉的泰姬陵建于十七世纪中叶,作为其妻的陵墓。后来,他被安葬在她身边。莫卧儿帝国覆盖了印度大部分地区,以沙贾汗祖父阿克巴的宗教宽容而著名,在18世纪初最崩溃。

拍照提示:不寻常的视觉和组成可以使熟悉的主题增添更多的乐趣。

Photo: Elevated highway structure

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Elevated Highway, China

高架桥,中国

Justin Guariglia 拍摄, 国家地理

Shanghai's ever growing network of highways rings the city and links more than 500 cities across 22 provincial areas.
Photo Tip: Be bold and fill the viewfinder with your subject.

上海日益增长的公路网络环绕着城市,连接了超过22个省区500个城市。

拍照提示:大胆的把你要拍摄的主题铺满取景器。

Photo: Street lamp and building shrouded in fog

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Foggy Chicago Street

浓雾,芝加哥街

Steve Damascus拍摄, My Shot

Chicago on a foggy morning
Photo Tip: Something to consider when taking your picture is your point of view. A picture can be more interesting when taken from an unusual angle.

芝加哥沉浸在浓雾的早晨

拍照提示:拍照是你所在点的视觉,你要考虑一下,一张照片从不寻常的角度去拍摄时会更有趣。

Photo: Cable car in motion

Cable Car, San Francisco

吊车,旧金山

Catherine Karnow 拍摄, 国家地理

Headed to Fisherman’s Wharf, a San Francisco cable car travels through Russian Hill, a residential area with cafés and shops.
Photo Tip: To stop a racing car, or someone riding a bicycle, start with 1/1000 of a second.

前往渔人码头,旧金山缆车穿过俄罗斯山,一个有咖啡馆和商店的住宅区。

拍照提示:要避免赛车,或者是有人骑车经过,使用1/1000曝光。

Photo: Aerial view of a bazaar

Bazaar Tents, Turkey

集市帐篷,土耳其

Mehmet Aksurmeli拍摄, My Shot

Bright white tents frame an aerial view of vendors and shoppers at a Turkey market.
Photo Tip: In 90 percent of cases, auto white balance, like autoexposure, produces great results.

明亮的白色帐篷架,土耳其市场上的销售商和购物者的鸟瞰图。

拍照提示:90%的情况下,自动白平衡,如自动曝光,可以产生很好的效果。

来源:国家地理

编译:MazingTech

 

 

 

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